Avicenna Journal of Neuro Psych Physiology Avicenna Journal of Neuro Psych Physiology Avicenna J Neuro Psych Physio http://www.avicennajnpp.com 2383-2436 2383-2444 10.5812/ajnpp. en jalali 2017 6 27 gregorian 2017 6 27 In Press In Press
en 10.17795/ajnpp-41670 Metacognitive Therapy, Neurofeedback and Treatment With Fluvoxamine on Cognitive Attentional Syndrome and Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies in Patients With Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Metacognitive Therapy, Neurofeedback and Treatment With Fluvoxamine on Cognitive Attentional Syndrome and Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies in Patients With Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder research-article research-article Background

Due to the lack of enough researches on the impaired underlying mechanisms in the obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and also existence of new psychological therapies such as metacognitive therapy and neurofeedback, the application of mentioned mechanisms in the new therapies can be introduced as a possible effective option with more long term effects to treat OCD.

Objectives

The current study aimed to compare the effectiveness of metacognitive therapy, neurofeedback and treatment with fluvoxamine on the cognitive attentional syndrome and cognitive emotion regulation strategies in the patients with OCD.

Methods

In a quasi-experimental study, on the clients referring to two psychiatry and psychology centers in Kerman city, Iran, 40 patients with OCD were selected using purposive sampling and randomly divided into three experimental groups and one control group. Each of the experimental groups was under treatment for 10 weeks, while the control group was just followed-up during the mentioned period. The subjects were assessed before and after treatment using Yale-Brown obsessive-compulsive scale, cognitive attentional syndrome scale and cognitive emotion regulation questionnaire.

Results

The results of covariance analysis and paired comparisons of the groups indicated that metacognitive therapy and neurofeedback had equal effects on the reduction of cognitive attentional syndrome scores, and little effect of treatment with fluvoxamine on this variable. In addition, the results indicated the effectiveness of metacognitive therapy and neurofeedback on cognitive emotion regulation strategies and the effectiveness of fluvoxamine on the maladaptive strategies. It should be noted that metacognitive therapy was more effective than neurofeedback to improve cognitive emotion regulation strategies of patients with OCD.

Conclusions

The current research showed that metacognitive therapy and neurofeedback can be used as effective treatments on underlying mechanisms of the obsessive-compulsive disorders such as cognitive attentional syndrome and cognitive emotion regulation strategies.

Background

Due to the lack of enough researches on the impaired underlying mechanisms in the obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and also existence of new psychological therapies such as metacognitive therapy and neurofeedback, the application of mentioned mechanisms in the new therapies can be introduced as a possible effective option with more long term effects to treat OCD.

Objectives

The current study aimed to compare the effectiveness of metacognitive therapy, neurofeedback and treatment with fluvoxamine on the cognitive attentional syndrome and cognitive emotion regulation strategies in the patients with OCD.

Methods

In a quasi-experimental study, on the clients referring to two psychiatry and psychology centers in Kerman city, Iran, 40 patients with OCD were selected using purposive sampling and randomly divided into three experimental groups and one control group. Each of the experimental groups was under treatment for 10 weeks, while the control group was just followed-up during the mentioned period. The subjects were assessed before and after treatment using Yale-Brown obsessive-compulsive scale, cognitive attentional syndrome scale and cognitive emotion regulation questionnaire.

Results

The results of covariance analysis and paired comparisons of the groups indicated that metacognitive therapy and neurofeedback had equal effects on the reduction of cognitive attentional syndrome scores, and little effect of treatment with fluvoxamine on this variable. In addition, the results indicated the effectiveness of metacognitive therapy and neurofeedback on cognitive emotion regulation strategies and the effectiveness of fluvoxamine on the maladaptive strategies. It should be noted that metacognitive therapy was more effective than neurofeedback to improve cognitive emotion regulation strategies of patients with OCD.

Conclusions

The current research showed that metacognitive therapy and neurofeedback can be used as effective treatments on underlying mechanisms of the obsessive-compulsive disorders such as cognitive attentional syndrome and cognitive emotion regulation strategies.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder;Cognitive Attentional Syndrome;Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies;Metacognitive Therapy;Neurofeedback;Fluvoxamine Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder;Cognitive Attentional Syndrome;Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies;Metacognitive Therapy;Neurofeedback;Fluvoxamine http://www.avicennajnpp.com/index.php?page=article&article_id=41670 Hasan Bani Asadi Hasan Bani Asadi Department of Psychology, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, IR Iran Department of Psychology, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, IR Iran Mahjoubeh Pourebrahimi Mahjoubeh Pourebrahimi MA in Psychology, Kerman, IR Iran; MA in Psychology, Kerman, IR Iran. Tel: +98-9131782169 MA in Psychology, Kerman, IR Iran; MA in Psychology, Kerman, IR Iran. Tel: +98-9131782169 Reza Amirteymoori Reza Amirteymoori MA in Psychology, Consulting Expert of the Education of 2 Erea, Kerman, IR Iran MA in Psychology, Consulting Expert of the Education of 2 Erea, Kerman, IR Iran
en 10.5812/ajnpp.44485 Relationship Between Emotional Intelligence and Self-Esteem in Bachelor Students of Nursing and Midwifery Schools in Hamadan Relationship Between Emotional Intelligence and Self-Esteem in Bachelor Students of Nursing and Midwifery Schools in Hamadan research-article research-article Background

Emotional intelligence has a key role in the problems solving and decreasing of conflicts between thought and emotion. On the other hand, self-esteem and increasing of that from infancy to death has been considered as the most important psychosocial issue.

Objectives

This study aimed to determine the relationship between emotional intelligence and self-esteem in bachelor students of nursing and midwifery schools in Hamadan University of Medical Sciences.

Methods

This cross-sectional study was conducted in Hamadan University of medical sciences in Hamadan city in Iran at 2016. A three-part questionnaire was used for data collection, which is included demographic characteristics, Sharing emotional intelligence questionnaire and Cooper Smith self-esteem questionnaire. The Obtained data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 23) with descriptive statistics and Spearman correlation coefficient.

Results

The most of studied subjects were female (68.9%) and single (86.8%) with mean age of 23 years and the standard deviation of 4.92. The results showed that the mean scores of emotional intelligence and self-esteem in studied students were 107.97 ± 11.34 and 34.11 ± 6.56, respectively, which was higher than the average level. Moreover, there was a direct and significant relationship between emotional intelligence and self-esteem as well as all of its sub-scales (P < 0.001).

Conclusions

Since the people with high emotional intelligence can establish a reasonable balance between emotions and reason that are with strong self-esteem. However, it is recommended that several workshops should be held in order to promote emotional intelligence of students at the University.

Background

Emotional intelligence has a key role in the problems solving and decreasing of conflicts between thought and emotion. On the other hand, self-esteem and increasing of that from infancy to death has been considered as the most important psychosocial issue.

Objectives

This study aimed to determine the relationship between emotional intelligence and self-esteem in bachelor students of nursing and midwifery schools in Hamadan University of Medical Sciences.

Methods

This cross-sectional study was conducted in Hamadan University of medical sciences in Hamadan city in Iran at 2016. A three-part questionnaire was used for data collection, which is included demographic characteristics, Sharing emotional intelligence questionnaire and Cooper Smith self-esteem questionnaire. The Obtained data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 23) with descriptive statistics and Spearman correlation coefficient.

Results

The most of studied subjects were female (68.9%) and single (86.8%) with mean age of 23 years and the standard deviation of 4.92. The results showed that the mean scores of emotional intelligence and self-esteem in studied students were 107.97 ± 11.34 and 34.11 ± 6.56, respectively, which was higher than the average level. Moreover, there was a direct and significant relationship between emotional intelligence and self-esteem as well as all of its sub-scales (P < 0.001).

Conclusions

Since the people with high emotional intelligence can establish a reasonable balance between emotions and reason that are with strong self-esteem. However, it is recommended that several workshops should be held in order to promote emotional intelligence of students at the University.

Student;Emotional Intelligence;Self-Esteem Student;Emotional Intelligence;Self-Esteem http://www.avicennajnpp.com/index.php?page=article&article_id=44485 Farshid Shamsaei Farshid Shamsaei Associate Professor, Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, IR Iran Associate Professor, Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, IR Iran Foad Yousefi Foad Yousefi Assistant Professor, Mother and Child Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, IR Iran Assistant Professor, Mother and Child Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, IR Iran Amir Sadeghi Amir Sadeghi MSc Student in Psychiatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, IR Iran; PhD, Mother and Child Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran, Shahid Fahmide Bulv, Postal code: 65178, Hamedan, IR Iran. Tel: +98-811113956, Fax: +98-8138380447 MSc Student in Psychiatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, IR Iran; PhD, Mother and Child Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran, Shahid Fahmide Bulv, Postal code: 65178, Hamedan, IR Iran. Tel: +98-811113956, Fax: +98-8138380447
en 10.5812/ajnpp.42560 Role of Perfectionism and Body Image in the Prediction of Body Dysmorphic Disorder Symptoms Role of Perfectionism and Body Image in the Prediction of Body Dysmorphic Disorder Symptoms research-article research-article Results and Conclusions

The results of stepwise regression analysis showed that perfectionism and body image could significantly predict BDD symptoms (P < 0.001). Therefore, these variables can be important in the promotion of students’ health.

Objective

The aim of this survey was to investigate the role of body image and perfectionism in the prediction of BDD symptoms.

Methods

This cross sectional study was performed in 2016 on a sample, including 351 students of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, who were selected based on the Morgan formula and multistage cluster random sampling. The participants completed the Yale-Brown obsessive compulsive scale modified for BDD (BDD-YBOCS), multidimensional body-self relations questionnaire (MBSRQ), and Besharat’s Tehran multidimensional perfectionism scale (TMPS). The collected data were analyzed by Pearson’s correlation test and stepwise regression analysis.

Background

The prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) has been reported to increase in recent decades. Therefore, scientific studies should be performed to specify psychological variables, which may contribute to the etiology of this disorder. In this study, we examined the role of body image and perfectionism in predicting BDD symptoms among students.

Results and Conclusions

The results of stepwise regression analysis showed that perfectionism and body image could significantly predict BDD symptoms (P < 0.001). Therefore, these variables can be important in the promotion of students’ health.

Objective

The aim of this survey was to investigate the role of body image and perfectionism in the prediction of BDD symptoms.

Methods

This cross sectional study was performed in 2016 on a sample, including 351 students of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, who were selected based on the Morgan formula and multistage cluster random sampling. The participants completed the Yale-Brown obsessive compulsive scale modified for BDD (BDD-YBOCS), multidimensional body-self relations questionnaire (MBSRQ), and Besharat’s Tehran multidimensional perfectionism scale (TMPS). The collected data were analyzed by Pearson’s correlation test and stepwise regression analysis.

Background

The prevalence of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) has been reported to increase in recent decades. Therefore, scientific studies should be performed to specify psychological variables, which may contribute to the etiology of this disorder. In this study, we examined the role of body image and perfectionism in predicting BDD symptoms among students.

Perfectionism;Body Image;Body Dysmorphic Disorder Symptoms Perfectionism;Body Image;Body Dysmorphic Disorder Symptoms http://www.avicennajnpp.com/index.php?page=article&article_id=42560 Mona Arji Mona Arji PhD Student in Psychology, Department of Psychology, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, IR Iran PhD Student in Psychology, Department of Psychology, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, IR Iran Ahmad Borjali Ahmad Borjali Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, IR Iran; Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, IR Iran Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, IR Iran; Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, IR Iran Faramarz Sohrabi Faramarz Sohrabi Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, IR Iran Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, IR Iran Noor Ali Farrokhi Noor Ali Farrokhi Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, IR Iran Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, IR Iran
en 10.5812/ajnpp.42845 Physiological Response to Negative Emotions in Children with Anxiety Symptoms: Many Steps Still to be Taken Physiological Response to Negative Emotions in Children with Anxiety Symptoms: Many Steps Still to be Taken letter letter Anxiety;Children;Physiological Response;Emotion Anxiety;Children;Physiological Response;Emotion http://www.avicennajnpp.com/index.php?page=article&article_id=42845 Simona Scaini Simona Scaini Department of Psychology, Sigmund Freud University, Porta di Ripa Ticinese 77, Milan, Italy; Developmental Psychopathology Unit, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, via Stamira d’Ancona 20, Milan, Italy; PhD, Tenured Lecturer in Developmental Psychology and Psychopathology, Department of Psychology, Sigmund Freud University, Ripa di Porta Ticinese, 7720143, Milan, Italy. Tel: +39-283241854 Department of Psychology, Sigmund Freud University, Porta di Ripa Ticinese 77, Milan, Italy; Developmental Psychopathology Unit, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, via Stamira d’Ancona 20, Milan, Italy; PhD, Tenured Lecturer in Developmental Psychology and Psychopathology, Department of Psychology, Sigmund Freud University, Ripa di Porta Ticinese, 7720143, Milan, Italy. Tel: +39-283241854 Anna Ogliari Anna Ogliari Developmental Psychopathology Unit, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, via Stamira d’Ancona 20, Milan, Italy; Department of Clinical Neuroscience, San Raffaele Scientic Institute, via Stamira d’Ancona 20, Milan, Italy Developmental Psychopathology Unit, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, via Stamira d’Ancona 20, Milan, Italy; Department of Clinical Neuroscience, San Raffaele Scientic Institute, via Stamira d’Ancona 20, Milan, Italy Chiara Brombin Chiara Brombin University Centre of Statistics in the Biomedical Sciences (CUSSB), Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan, Italy University Centre of Statistics in the Biomedical Sciences (CUSSB), Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan, Italy
en 10.5812/ajnpp.43039 The Effectiveness of Promoting Iranians’ Marital Quality Training Program in Marital Quality Among Couples Referring to Health Centers The Effectiveness of Promoting Iranians’ Marital Quality Training Program in Marital Quality Among Couples Referring to Health Centers research-article research-article

The increase of dissatisfaction in marriage and its adverse effects on physical and mental health of couples and children make it necessary to improve marital interaction and implement enrichment programs. This research aimed to investigate the effectiveness of PIMQ (Promoting Iranians’ Marital Quality) training program in marital quality. A researcher-made program called PIMQ designed based on cultural beliefs, value system, religious orientation, literacy level, and social character of couples was used in this research. This program was implemented on 30 couples who were randomly placed in two experimental and control groups. The marital quality scale was administered to each group before educational sessions. The PIMQ program was implemented for the experimental group in eight sessions of one hour while the second group received no intervention. The sessions were held once a week. Immediately after the completion of educational sessions, the marital quality scale was applied on both groups. A month after the completion of sessions, the follow-up was performed. The results of covariance analysis showed that PIMQ training program could increase marital quality in the experimental group and the increase remained significant at one month follow-up. Based on the research hypotheses, PIMQ training program increased marital quality in the posttest and follow-up.

The increase of dissatisfaction in marriage and its adverse effects on physical and mental health of couples and children make it necessary to improve marital interaction and implement enrichment programs. This research aimed to investigate the effectiveness of PIMQ (Promoting Iranians’ Marital Quality) training program in marital quality. A researcher-made program called PIMQ designed based on cultural beliefs, value system, religious orientation, literacy level, and social character of couples was used in this research. This program was implemented on 30 couples who were randomly placed in two experimental and control groups. The marital quality scale was administered to each group before educational sessions. The PIMQ program was implemented for the experimental group in eight sessions of one hour while the second group received no intervention. The sessions were held once a week. Immediately after the completion of educational sessions, the marital quality scale was applied on both groups. A month after the completion of sessions, the follow-up was performed. The results of covariance analysis showed that PIMQ training program could increase marital quality in the experimental group and the increase remained significant at one month follow-up. Based on the research hypotheses, PIMQ training program increased marital quality in the posttest and follow-up.

Couples;Effectiveness;PIMQ Training Program;Marital Quality;Health Center Couples;Effectiveness;PIMQ Training Program;Marital Quality;Health Center http://www.avicennajnpp.com/index.php?page=article&article_id=43039 Yadoll Khorramabadi Yadoll Khorramabadi Assistant Professor of Payame Noor University, Kabudarahang, Iran Assistant Professor of Payame Noor University, Kabudarahang, Iran Raheleh Moein Raheleh Moein Lecturer of Payame Noor University, Kabudarahang, Iran; Researcher, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Islamic Azad University, Hamadan, Iran; Lecturer of Payame Noor University, Kabudarahang, Iran. Tel: +989188170479 Lecturer of Payame Noor University, Kabudarahang, Iran; Researcher, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Islamic Azad University, Hamadan, Iran; Lecturer of Payame Noor University, Kabudarahang, Iran. Tel: +989188170479 Alireza Rahimi Alireza Rahimi Assistant Professor of Medical Sciences University, Hamadan, Iran; Behavioral Disorders and Substances Abuse Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences , Hamadan, Iran Assistant Professor of Medical Sciences University, Hamadan, Iran; Behavioral Disorders and Substances Abuse Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences , Hamadan, Iran
en 10.5812/ajnpp.44070 Study of Meta-Cognitive Beliefs and Learning Methods and Their Relationship with Exam Anxiety in High School Students Bandar Abbas City, 2014 Study of Meta-Cognitive Beliefs and Learning Methods and Their Relationship with Exam Anxiety in High School Students Bandar Abbas City, 2014 research-article research-article Conclusions

It was concluded from the study results that profound learning methods lead to the reduction of exam anxiety, and smattering learning methods and meta-cognitive beliefs lead to increased exam anxiety among students.

Results

The study results indicated that there was a positive significant relationship between meta-cognitive beliefs and exam anxiety, a negative significant relationship between profound learning and learning methods and exam anxiety, and a positive significant relationship between smattering learning method and exam anxiety. The regression exam results also revealed that meta-cognitive beliefs and smattering learning methods could positively predict and determine exam anxiety in students. A significant relationship was observed between meta-cognitive beliefs in females and males, and female students showed greater intention and interest toward meta-cognitive beliefs than males, however, no significant difference was observed between learning methods and exam anxiety in females and males.

Objectives

The current study aimed at predicting exam anxiety based on meta-cognitive beliefs and learning methods among high school students of Bandar Abbas.

Methods

The study population included 351 students (197 males and 154 females), who were selected randomly by the cluster approach and answered the research tools including Meta-Cognitive Beliefs Questionnaires (MCQ-30), Learning methods questionnaires of Marton and Saljoo (1996) and also test anxiety questionnaire of Alpert and Haber (1960). The study plan was correlative-descriptive. Pearson simple correlation coefficient, multi variable regression, and multi variable variance analysis were used to analyze the obtained data.

Background

Nowadays, one of the principal difficulties faced by educational systems worldwide is anxiety, a mental problem, which is evidently difficult to be endured by many students and leads to various types of mental and physical disorders or reduction of educational efficiency, and has gained attention of sociologists for its consequent psychological, social, and economical impacts.

Conclusions

It was concluded from the study results that profound learning methods lead to the reduction of exam anxiety, and smattering learning methods and meta-cognitive beliefs lead to increased exam anxiety among students.

Results

The study results indicated that there was a positive significant relationship between meta-cognitive beliefs and exam anxiety, a negative significant relationship between profound learning and learning methods and exam anxiety, and a positive significant relationship between smattering learning method and exam anxiety. The regression exam results also revealed that meta-cognitive beliefs and smattering learning methods could positively predict and determine exam anxiety in students. A significant relationship was observed between meta-cognitive beliefs in females and males, and female students showed greater intention and interest toward meta-cognitive beliefs than males, however, no significant difference was observed between learning methods and exam anxiety in females and males.

Objectives

The current study aimed at predicting exam anxiety based on meta-cognitive beliefs and learning methods among high school students of Bandar Abbas.

Methods

The study population included 351 students (197 males and 154 females), who were selected randomly by the cluster approach and answered the research tools including Meta-Cognitive Beliefs Questionnaires (MCQ-30), Learning methods questionnaires of Marton and Saljoo (1996) and also test anxiety questionnaire of Alpert and Haber (1960). The study plan was correlative-descriptive. Pearson simple correlation coefficient, multi variable regression, and multi variable variance analysis were used to analyze the obtained data.

Background

Nowadays, one of the principal difficulties faced by educational systems worldwide is anxiety, a mental problem, which is evidently difficult to be endured by many students and leads to various types of mental and physical disorders or reduction of educational efficiency, and has gained attention of sociologists for its consequent psychological, social, and economical impacts.

Meta-Cognitive Beliefs;Learning Methods;Exam Anxiety Meta-Cognitive Beliefs;Learning Methods;Exam Anxiety http://www.avicennajnpp.com/index.php?page=article&article_id=44070 Ghazal Motazed Keyvani Ghazal Motazed Keyvani Department of Educational Sciences, Bushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran; Department of Educational Sciences, Bushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran Department of Educational Sciences, Bushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran; Department of Educational Sciences, Bushehr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran Seyed Asghar Mousavi Seyed Asghar Mousavi Department of Psychology, Jam Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran Department of Psychology, Jam Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bushehr, Iran Yousef Dehghani Yousef Dehghani Department of Psychology, Persian Gulf University, Boushehr, Iran Department of Psychology, Persian Gulf University, Boushehr, Iran
en 10.5812/ajnpp.45127 Estimation of Mental Disorders Prevalence in High School Students Using Small Area Methods: A Hierarchical Bayesian Approach Estimation of Mental Disorders Prevalence in High School Students Using Small Area Methods: A Hierarchical Bayesian Approach research-article research-article Objectives

This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of mental disorders among high school students in Bushehr province, south of Iran.

Methods

In this cross-sectional study, 286 high school students were recruited by a multi-stage random sampling in Bushehr province in 2015. A general health questionnaire (GHQ-28) was used to assess mental disorders. The small area method, under the hierarchical Bayesian approach, was used to determine the prevalence of mental disorders and data analysis.

Conclusions

Based on this study, the prevalence of mental disorders among adolescents was increasing in Bushehr Province counties. The lack of a national policy in this way is a serious obstacle to mental health and wellbeing access.

Results

From 286 questionnaires only 182 were completely filed and evaluated (the response rate was 70.5%). Of the students, 58.79% and 41.21% were male and female, respectively. Of all students, the prevalence of mental disorders in Bushehr, Dayyer, Deylam, Kangan, Dashtestan, Tangestan, Genaveh, and Dashty were 0.48, 0.42, 0.45, 0.52, 0.41, 0.47, 0.42, and 0.43, respectively.

Background

Adolescence is one of the most important periods in the course of human evolution and the prevalence of mental disorders among adolescence in different regions of Iran, especially in southern Iran.

Objectives

This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of mental disorders among high school students in Bushehr province, south of Iran.

Methods

In this cross-sectional study, 286 high school students were recruited by a multi-stage random sampling in Bushehr province in 2015. A general health questionnaire (GHQ-28) was used to assess mental disorders. The small area method, under the hierarchical Bayesian approach, was used to determine the prevalence of mental disorders and data analysis.

Conclusions

Based on this study, the prevalence of mental disorders among adolescents was increasing in Bushehr Province counties. The lack of a national policy in this way is a serious obstacle to mental health and wellbeing access.

Results

From 286 questionnaires only 182 were completely filed and evaluated (the response rate was 70.5%). Of the students, 58.79% and 41.21% were male and female, respectively. Of all students, the prevalence of mental disorders in Bushehr, Dayyer, Deylam, Kangan, Dashtestan, Tangestan, Genaveh, and Dashty were 0.48, 0.42, 0.45, 0.52, 0.41, 0.47, 0.42, and 0.43, respectively.

Background

Adolescence is one of the most important periods in the course of human evolution and the prevalence of mental disorders among adolescence in different regions of Iran, especially in southern Iran.

Small Area Technique;Hierarchical Bayesian;Mental Disorders;Adolscent Small Area Technique;Hierarchical Bayesian;Mental Disorders;Adolscent http://www.avicennajnpp.com/index.php?page=article&article_id=45127 Ali Reza Soltanian Ali Reza Soltanian Associate Professor (PhD), Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran; Modeling of Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran; Street of Shahid Fahmideh, Lona Park, Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Postal code: 6517669664, Hamadan, IR Iran. Tel: +98-8138380025, Fax: +988138380509 Associate Professor (PhD), Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran; Modeling of Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran; Street of Shahid Fahmideh, Lona Park, Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Postal code: 6517669664, Hamadan, IR Iran. Tel: +98-8138380025, Fax: +988138380509 Azadeh Naderi Azadeh Naderi Modeling of Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran Modeling of Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran Ghodratollah Roshanaei Ghodratollah Roshanaei Associate Professor (PhD), Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran; Modeling of Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran Associate Professor (PhD), Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran; Modeling of Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran
en 10.5812/ajnpp.46581 Personality and Mental Disorders in Patient with Substance-Related Disorders Admitted to Addiction Clinics in Hamadan in 2014 Personality and Mental Disorders in Patient with Substance-Related Disorders Admitted to Addiction Clinics in Hamadan in 2014 research-article research-article Conclusions

The Bipolar mood disorder, panic disorder, paranoid personality disorder, MDD with psychotic features and passive aggressive personality disorder were more prevalent in patient who taking opiate and the antisocial personality disorder, schizoid personality disorder, substance-induced mood disorder and somatoform disorder were more prevalent in patients taking methamphetamine.

Results

All the 103 patients participated in this study were males. The mean age of the patients was 9.13 ± 9.41 years. The results of the MMPI test revealed that schizoid, paranoid, and passive aggressive personality disorders were significantly higher in people with an opioid use disorder compared with the people who taking methamphetamine. However, an antisocial personality disorder in patients taking methamphetamine was more common than in patients who taking opioid. In patients taking opioids, based on the results of the SCID, depression with or without psychotic features, major depressive disorder (MDD) and panic disorder were significantly higher compared with patients taking methamphetamine.

Objectives

This study aimed to assess and compare the mental and personality disorders among people with substance-related disorder.

Methods

This cross sectional study was performed from September 2014 to March 2015 in Hamadan city, Iran. The population of this study was all people who referred to the addiction clinics and were consumers of opioids or methamphetamine. Each client was examined in biaxial axis and patients with mental health were studied in the first axis using the SCID test. Also, in the second axis, the personality disorders were evaluated in the patients using the Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory (MMPI) test.

Conclusions

The Bipolar mood disorder, panic disorder, paranoid personality disorder, MDD with psychotic features and passive aggressive personality disorder were more prevalent in patient who taking opiate and the antisocial personality disorder, schizoid personality disorder, substance-induced mood disorder and somatoform disorder were more prevalent in patients taking methamphetamine.

Results

All the 103 patients participated in this study were males. The mean age of the patients was 9.13 ± 9.41 years. The results of the MMPI test revealed that schizoid, paranoid, and passive aggressive personality disorders were significantly higher in people with an opioid use disorder compared with the people who taking methamphetamine. However, an antisocial personality disorder in patients taking methamphetamine was more common than in patients who taking opioid. In patients taking opioids, based on the results of the SCID, depression with or without psychotic features, major depressive disorder (MDD) and panic disorder were significantly higher compared with patients taking methamphetamine.

Objectives

This study aimed to assess and compare the mental and personality disorders among people with substance-related disorder.

Methods

This cross sectional study was performed from September 2014 to March 2015 in Hamadan city, Iran. The population of this study was all people who referred to the addiction clinics and were consumers of opioids or methamphetamine. Each client was examined in biaxial axis and patients with mental health were studied in the first axis using the SCID test. Also, in the second axis, the personality disorders were evaluated in the patients using the Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory (MMPI) test.

Personality and Mental Disorders;Methamphetamine;Opiate Personality and Mental Disorders;Methamphetamine;Opiate http://www.avicennajnpp.com/index.php?page=article&article_id=46581 Alireza Rahimi Alireza Rahimi Research Center for Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse, Hamadan University of Medial Sciences, Hamadan Research Center for Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse, Hamadan University of Medial Sciences, Hamadan Mohammad Kazem Zarabian Mohammad Kazem Zarabian Research Center for Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse, Hamadan University of Medial Sciences, Hamadan Research Center for Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse, Hamadan University of Medial Sciences, Hamadan Marzieh Nazaribadie Marzieh Nazaribadie Research Center for Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse, Hamadan University of Medial Sciences, Hamadan; Research Center for Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse, Hamadan University of Medial Sciences, Hamadan. Tel: +98-9187107753 Research Center for Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse, Hamadan University of Medial Sciences, Hamadan; Research Center for Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse, Hamadan University of Medial Sciences, Hamadan. Tel: +98-9187107753 Mohammad Hasani Mohammad Hasani Research Center for Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse, Hamadan University of Medial Sciences, Hamadan Research Center for Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse, Hamadan University of Medial Sciences, Hamadan Ahmad Heidari Pahlavian Ahmad Heidari Pahlavian Research Center for Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse, Hamadan University of Medial Sciences, Hamadan Research Center for Behavioral Disorders and Substance Abuse, Hamadan University of Medial Sciences, Hamadan
en 10.5812/ajnpp.43249 Pico-Tesla TMS Therapy on Multiple Sclerosis Pico-Tesla TMS Therapy on Multiple Sclerosis research-article research-article Conclusions

The pT-TMS has the prospective to be a significant noninvasive secure and effective means in managing MS symptoms.

Results

A significant effect was observed with an increase of frequencies in the range of 2 - 7 Hz among the participants. The results were statistically significant in 7 out of 10 patients (70%).

Background

Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is a well-established noninvasive method for investigating human brain activity.

Objectives

The present study aimed at identifying any change in the brain state after pico- Tesla Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (pT-TMS) on patients with multiple sclerosis (MS).

Methods

A whole-head 122 - channel MEG system in a magnetically shielded room with low magnetic noise was used. The study population comprised of 2 male and 8 female volunteers with MS, with a mean age of 41.3 ± 9.5 years. External magnetic field of pT-TMS was applied on the above patients with proper field characteristics (magnetic field amplitude: 1 - 7.5 pT, frequency: the alpha rhythm of the patient 8 - 13 Hz), obtained prior to the application of pT-TMS.

Conclusions

The pT-TMS has the prospective to be a significant noninvasive secure and effective means in managing MS symptoms.

Results

A significant effect was observed with an increase of frequencies in the range of 2 - 7 Hz among the participants. The results were statistically significant in 7 out of 10 patients (70%).

Background

Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is a well-established noninvasive method for investigating human brain activity.

Objectives

The present study aimed at identifying any change in the brain state after pico- Tesla Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (pT-TMS) on patients with multiple sclerosis (MS).

Methods

A whole-head 122 - channel MEG system in a magnetically shielded room with low magnetic noise was used. The study population comprised of 2 male and 8 female volunteers with MS, with a mean age of 41.3 ± 9.5 years. External magnetic field of pT-TMS was applied on the above patients with proper field characteristics (magnetic field amplitude: 1 - 7.5 pT, frequency: the alpha rhythm of the patient 8 - 13 Hz), obtained prior to the application of pT-TMS.

MEG;Multiple Slerosis;pT-TMS;Brain Frequencies MEG;Multiple Slerosis;pT-TMS;Brain Frequencies http://www.avicennajnpp.com/index.php?page=article&article_id=43249 Photios Anninos Photios Anninos Laboratory of Medical Physics, Department of Medicine, School of Health Sciences and Department of Electrical Engineering, Polytechnic School, Democritus University of Thrace Alexandroupoli 68100, Greece; Laboratory of Medical Physics, Dept of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, Democritus University of Thrace, University Campus, Alexandroupoli 68100, Greece. Tel/Fax: +30-2551030392 Laboratory of Medical Physics, Department of Medicine, School of Health Sciences and Department of Electrical Engineering, Polytechnic School, Democritus University of Thrace Alexandroupoli 68100, Greece; Laboratory of Medical Physics, Dept of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, Democritus University of Thrace, University Campus, Alexandroupoli 68100, Greece. Tel/Fax: +30-2551030392 Adam Adamopoulos Adam Adamopoulos Laboratory of Medical Physics, Department of Medicine, School of Health Sciences and Department of Electrical Engineering, Polytechnic School, Democritus University of Thrace Alexandroupoli 68100, Greece Laboratory of Medical Physics, Department of Medicine, School of Health Sciences and Department of Electrical Engineering, Polytechnic School, Democritus University of Thrace Alexandroupoli 68100, Greece Athanasia Kotini Athanasia Kotini Laboratory of Medical Physics, Department of Medicine, School of Health Sciences and Department of Electrical Engineering, Polytechnic School, Democritus University of Thrace Alexandroupoli 68100, Greece Laboratory of Medical Physics, Department of Medicine, School of Health Sciences and Department of Electrical Engineering, Polytechnic School, Democritus University of Thrace Alexandroupoli 68100, Greece Nicolaos Tsagas Nicolaos Tsagas Laboratory of Medical Physics, Department of Medicine, School of Health Sciences and Department of Electrical Engineering, Polytechnic School, Democritus University of Thrace Alexandroupoli 68100, Greece Laboratory of Medical Physics, Department of Medicine, School of Health Sciences and Department of Electrical Engineering, Polytechnic School, Democritus University of Thrace Alexandroupoli 68100, Greece